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The Cradle of Humankind – Caves and Museum

The Cradle of Humankind – Caves and Museum

6 hrs

The universe was formed about 14-billion years ago. The Earth is about 4.6-billion years old.

Life first emerged about 3.8-billion years ago. Our journey begins in South Africa, where fossils of some of the earliest known life forms on Earth have been found.

South Africa has yielded fossils of some of the earliest known dinosaurs, at least 200-million years old.

Fossils of our distant mammal-like ancestors, which lived more than 200-million years ago, have been found in South Africa.

Africa is the birthplace of humankind. This is where our collective umbilical cord lies buried.

Hominids – the ancestors of modern humans – first emerged about 7-million years ago, in Africa.

Many significant fossil finds have been made in the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site, including the famous fossils “Mrs Ples” and “Little Foot”.

The first stone tools were made and used in Africa, at least 2.6-million years ago.

Our ancestors were able to use and control fire at least 1-million years ago in the Cradle of Humankind.

Homo sapiens, the species to which we all belong, evolved in Africa approximately 200,000 years ago.


The tours at the Sterkfontein Caves  start above the ground and then take visitors deep into down into the “homes” (caves).